Canadian Patents Database / Patent 1041872 Summary

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(12) Patent: (11) CA 1041872
(21) Application Number: 275241
(54) English Title: FLUID DRIVEN POWER PRODUCING APPARATUS
(54) French Title: APPAREIL ENERGETIQUE A COMMANDE HYDRAULIQUE
(52) Canadian Patent Classification (CPC):
  • 138/4
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC):
  • F03B 9/00 (2006.01)
  • D03D 3/04 (2006.01)
  • F03D 3/04 (2006.01)
  • F03D 3/06 (2006.01)
  • F03D 5/02 (2006.01)
  • F03D 9/00 (2006.01)
(72) Inventors (Country):
  • SCHNEIDER, DANIEL J. (Country Unknown)
(73) Owners (Country):
  • SCHNEIDER, DANIEL J. (Not Available)
(71) Applicants (Country):
(74) Agent:
(45) Issued: 1978-11-07
(22) Filed Date:
(30) Availability of licence: N/A
(30) Language of filing: English

English Abstract



FLUID DRIVEN POWER PRODUCING APPARATUS

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE


An apparatus for generating electric current by
the force of a fluid in motion. The device comprises a support
structure; two substantially parallel axles positioned in
an alterable vertically extending plane detachably supported
by said housing and capable of rotation within the support
means therefor; two substantially parallel wheels positioned
on each of said axles and the wheels on one axle being in
substantially the same vertically extending Planes as the
wheels on the other axle; two belts, one of which connects
the two wheels in one plane and the other belt connects the
other two wheels in the other plane; and a series of blades
each one of which is detachably connected at the opposite
ends thereof respectively to the two belts. In operation.
fluid entering a second stage of a two-staged cascaded flow
device consists only of fluid from the exhaust of the first
stage of such device.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclu-
sive property or privilege is claimed are defined as fol-
lows:
1. an apparatus for use in converting the kinetic
energy of an accelerated fluid into mechanical or electr-
ical energy and which comprises:
(a) a housing:
(b) two substantially parallel axles detachably
supported by said housing and capable of
rotation within the housing;
(c) two substantially parallel wheels positioned
on each of said axles and the wheels on one
axle being in substantially the same verti-
cally extending planes as the wheels on the
other axle;
(d) two belts, one of which connects the two wheels
in one plane and the other belt connects the
other two wheels in the other plane; and
(e) a series of foils fluid dynamically designed
to have a high lift configuration, each one
of which is detachably connected at the
opposite ends thereof respectively to the
two belts, wherein (d) and (e) taken to-
gether form two stages, a first drive stage
and a second return stage of said apparatus,
further wherein the foils are fluid dynamically
designed, spaced and oriented within the
apparatus such that all of the flow of fluid


entering the second stage on operation of the
apparatus is made up of fluid which has inter-


- 34 -


acted dynamically with the foils of the first
stage.
2. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein
the housing comprises two substantially inverted Y shaped
members and connecting members therefor.

- 34a -

3. The apparatus as set forth in claim 2 wherein said
housing includes a base member adapted to maintain proper align-
ment of said apparatus with the energy service fluid.
4. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein said
parallel axles are in a substantially horizontal position.
5. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein said
parallel axles are in a substantially vertical extending plane.
6. The apparatus as set forth in claim 5 wherein said
substantially vertical extending plane is suitably alterable in
angle of inclination so as to control the overall vertical angle
of the apparatus with relation to the flow of the energy source
fluid, such that the chord of each foil in the drive stage will
be essentially parallel to the relative fluid flow vector.
7. The apparatus as set forth in claim 5 wherein the
angle of said plane of said axles may be suitably altered by
altering the geometric alignment of the support housing components.
8, The apparatus as set forth in claim 2 wherein the support
means for one of said axles comprises a pair of tension-bound,
movable members positioned at one end of the long arm of said
inverted Y-shaped members.
9. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein each of
said wheels comprises an outer perimeter which is substantially
V-shaped in cross-section.
10. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein each of
said wheels comprises an outer perimeter which is substantially
U-shaped in cross-section.
11. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein said
blade comprises a substantially elongated concavoconvex member
which has a space orientation, surface area, leading and trailing
edge, and arcing cross-section configuration all designed
according to fluid dynamic principles to impart a lifting reaction
force.

-35-

12. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein said blades
are detachably connected to said belts by means of fasteners and
couplers suitable for attaching,detaching, adjusting pitch angle
and otherwise controlling the position of the blades in relation
to the belts.
13. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 and including
stator vanes attached to said housing and so positioned thereon
so as to impart a stabilizing and focusing effect on the fluid
in motion as it traverses said apparatus.
14. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 and including a
shroud detachably connected to said housing and which shroud
imparts fluid dynamic acceleration and flow of fluid into, through
and out of said apparatus to effect energy transformation.
15. The apparatus as set forth in claim 11 wherein said
blades have a cross-section configuration and are designed
according to high lift gaseous fluid dynamic principles.
16. The apparatus as set forth in claim 11 wherein said
blades have a cross-section configuration and are designed
according to liquid high lift fluid dynamic principles.
17. The apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein the
combination of axles, wheels and belts project two planes sub-
stantially parallel to and substantially equidistant from each
side of the plane of the two axles.
18. The apparatus as set forth in claim 17 wherein said
planes parallel to the plane of the axles together with the
cylindrical arcs formed by the portions of the belts in contact
with the wheels form the course for the travel of the blades.
19. An apparatus for use in converting the kinetic energy
of an accelerated fluid into mechanical or electrical energy
and which comprises:
(a) a housing which comprises two substantially
vertical parallel main members and connecting

-36-

members therefor;
(b) two substantially horizontal parallel axles
detachably supported by said housing and capable
of rotation within the support means therefor and
having a circular cross-section configuration:
(c) two substantially parallel wheels positioned on
each of said axles and the wheels on one axle
being in substantially the same vertically
extending planes as the wheels on the other axles
(d) two belts, one of which connects the two wheels in
one plane and the other belt connects the other
two wheels in the other plane; and
(e) a series of gaseous fluid dynamically designed
blades each one of which is detachably connected at
the opposite ends thereof respectfully to the two
belts, said blades oriented to the lift dynamics of
the fluid flow, said blades defining a two staged
loop whereby during operation of the apparatus only
exhaust from the first stage interacts with the
second stage.
20. The apparatus as set forth in claim 19 wherein the sup-
port means for one of said axles comprises a pair of tension-
bound, movable members positioned at the same either end of each of
said main members.
21. The apparatus as set forth in claim 19 wherein each of
said wheels comprises an outer perimeter which is substantially
V-shaped in cross-section.
22. An apparatus for use in converting the kinetic energy
of an accelerated fluid into electrical energy and which comprises:
(a) a housing which comprises two substantially in-
verted Y-shaped members and connecting members
therefor;

-37-

(b) two substantially horizontal parallel axles detach-
ably supported by said housing and capable of
rotation within the support means therefor and where-
in the support means far one of said axles com-
prises a pair of tension-bound, movable members
having springs attached thereto and positioned at
either end of the long arm of said inverted Y-shaped
members;
(c) two substantially parallel wheels positioned on
each of said axles and the wheels on one axle
being in substantially the same vertically ex-
tending planes as the wheels on the other axle and
each of said wheels having an outer perimeter
which is substantially V-shaped in cross-section.
(d) two belts, one of which connects the two wheels
in one plane and the other belt connects the other
two wheels in the other plane; and
(e) a series of high lift fluid dynamically designed
foils each one of which is detachably connected at
the opposite ends thereof respectively to the two
belts; wherein (d) and (e) taken together form two
stages, a first drive stage and a second return
stage of said apparatus, wherein the foils are
spaced and oriented such that all of the fluid
entering the second stage during operation of the
apparatus consists of fluid which has exhausted
from the first stage.
23. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the housing comprises
two substantially inverted V-shaped members and connecting
members therefor.
24. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the two substitantially
parallel axles comprise 2 pair of horizontally and vertically

-38-

parallel axle stubs, and said axle stubs are mounted on said
housing and are capable of rotation.
25. The apparatus of claim 13 including a shroud detachably
connected to said housing and which shroud imparts fluid dynamic
acceleration and flow of fluid into, through and out of said
apparatus to effect energy transformation.
26. A device comprising a plurality of the apparatuses of
claim 1 positioned in axial alignment wherein each apparatus's
support structure comprises a left side wall and a right side
wall, and both of said walls are shared as party walls for all
interior apparatuses and the apparatuses on each extremity share
common wall with the next adjacent interior apparatus.
27. The apparatus of claim 1 further including a power
takeoff means and electricity generator interconnected therewith.
28. The apparatus of claim 1 further including a power
takeup means and a mechanically driven apparatus connected thereto.
29. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the two belts [d] are
endless chains.
30. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the blades are detach-
ably connected to the belts at substantially the midpoint of the
chord of said blades.
31. The apparatus of claim 30 wherein the axis of the blades
between the detachable connections to said belts is 90° to each
belt.
32. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein each axle comprises a
pair of axle stubs in axial alignment.
33. The apparatus of claim 1 further including:
at least one pair of axle stubs mounted substantially
parallel horizontally on said housing and capable of
rotation, said axle stub being positioned on said
housing between said axles and
at least one pair of substantially parallel wheels,

-39-

positioned one per axle stub, on each axle stub, one of
said wheels being in substantially the same vertically
extending plane as the wheels on one side of said axles,
and each of said pair of wheels on said axle stub being
interposed between said axle positioned wheels with
respect to said belts, one per belt, to engage each of
said belts,

34. The apparatus of claim 33, wherein the two belts are,
endless chains.
35. The apparatus of claim 19 wherein each axle comprises a
pair of axle stubs in axial alignment, and the said blades are
detachably connected to the belts at substantially the midpoint
of the chord of said blades.
36. The apparatus of claim 35 wherein the two belts are
endless chains.
37. The apparatus of claim 33 wherein the housing comprises
two substantially inverted V-shaped members and connecting
members therefor.

-40-


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Title Date
(45) Issued 1978-11-07
Expired 1995-11-07

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Document
Description
Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Number of pages Size of Image (KB)
Abstract 1994-05-24 1 37
Claims 1994-05-24 8 367
Cover Page 1994-05-24 1 16
Description 1994-05-24 41 1,389
Drawings 1994-05-24 4 114